Friday, March 21, 2014

Making Skin Cream

A simple, easy way to make skin cream using ingredients from the bee hive!

  • Shea Butter – Some UV protection. Soothes sunburn, psoriasis and eczema (skin conditions). Dry skin, wrinkles, and stretch marks.
  • Cocoa Butter – High in antioxidants, reduces stretch marks, keeps skin soft and supple. (often used by pregnant women)
  • Sweet Almond Oil – Easily absorbed into the skin. Used in Aromatherapy, soothing effect for relaxation. Creates a healthy look.
  • Olive Oil – Prevents evaporation. If applied to skin, prevents further loss of moisture from skin. High in antioxidants soothes sunburn, psoriasis and eczema.
  • Coconut Oil – Helps hold moisture. Does not rub in easily and may become greasy, be sure not to use too much in recipe, does make skin soft.
  • Palm Oil – Antioxidants and antibacterial. High in antimicrobial properties that help with skin complexion. 
  • Beeswax – Creates a protective non-clogging layer. Hardener, Antimicrobial, moisturizing. Works well in emulsions.
  • Honey – Improves skin moisture. Antioxidants. Antimicrobial. 

Beeswax and honey are excellent for your skin. Most people tend to think that beeswax creates a heavy film over the skin, that is not the case when incorporated with other ingredients. The oils and butters are soft ingredients that have a low melting point. With the addition of Beeswax, the lotion will become more solid and easier to apply.

Most  recipes you find will include water, and you are going to be mixing the water with oils and fats (do not mix without and emulsifier). Beeswax is not a stand alone emulsifier but does work well in emulsions and acts as a hardening agent.

You may also add many other ingredients: Essentials oils for scent, propolis, pollen, other oils, aloe vera gel from a aloe vera plant... ect.

Here is a great recipe that does not require an emulsifier:

Making Skin Cream
7.5 oz. Shea Butter
2.5 oz. Cocoa Butter
7.5 oz. Olive Oil

Before you get started make sure you have everything you need. The ingredients listed in the recipe above, a pouring pitcher that will create a double boiler using a larger pot (make sure your pot is large enough to put your pouring pitcher in; can use a 1 quart or 2 quart pouring pitcher whichever you prefer), containers to put the finished product in, spatula and a whisk.
You will need a round bottom mixing bowl placed in a container filled with ice water to create a cold bath for one of the final steps.

Weigh out all ingredients using the digital scale. 
Combine and melt Shea and Cocoa Butter in the Pouring pitcher. Leave Olive Oil in a separate container to be added in later.

Once all the ingredients have melted, remove from heat. 
Pour the melted Shea and Cocoa Butter into your mixing bowl that is in ice water. Add Olive Oil into the mixture.
(During this stage you can add any scents, colorants or essential oils.)

Using the whisk, whip the mixture for roughly 2 minutes or until 
the clear mixture begins turning opaque. (Placing the mixture in a cold bath will bring the temperature down quickly and as you whip the ingredients together, the result will be smooth and creamy.)
Timing is key to get the perfect consistency but it is not critical.

If you do not mix the ingredients until it becomes opaque, the skin cream will be gritty but application will be the same. Trapped air bubbles tend to be an issue if it is under whipped.
If the mixture is over whipped, it will be thicker and difficult to pour into containers (must be spooned out causing an uneven surface within the container). If you desire a smooth surface, use a blow dryer to fan the container with hot air until the surface of cream is smooth (do not apply direct heat).
NOTE: If you decide to make changes to the recipe make sure you keep track so that the next time you make the skin cream you will have the exact amounts. Weigh it out so there is no guess work.

If you would like further information on making skin creams, please view our webinar: